Pacifier use, finger and the damage to teeth
Children who suck finger or pacifier should receive greater attention from the orthodontist for the dental arch develops smoothly.
Suction is very important for children up to 2 years old and in some of them, the need for suction is higher, then comes the pacifier habit or thumb sucking. Bad oral habits, when present in prolonged period, generate imbalance in the formation of the dental arches, especially in the anterior open bite and the previous imbalance between the dental arches (maxilla and mandible).
In the absence of choice between sucking a pacifier or not, parents should choose a soother with beak in anatomical shape, as best fits the oral cavity of the child, setting the roof of the mouth and tongue, following the sucking motion. Parents should not place cord, chain or hanging diaper on the ring of a pacifier, as well as generate a risk of strangulation, also causes weight gain in the pacifier, causing increased pressure in the oral cavity structures, causing malformations in the growth of these structures. Should be noted also, the existing sizes of pacifiers because they must follow the craniofacial development of the child.
The role of the orthodontist is to track the evolution of the dental arches from the birth of the first teeth until the end of the bone growth development. The orthodontist can diagnose problems of dental eruptions, anterior and cross development of the jaw, and intervene in a preventive and interceptive manner so that the problems arising from bad habits do not become definitive after the child reaches the end of growth.
Once installed orthodontic problem that can be exemplified by a cross bite or open bite, the orthodontist must intervene with orthopedic devices, in order to restore growth and the correct relationship between the dental arches. These same devices can be used in order to hinder, in any way, the harmful habit of pacifier sucking or finger, so that the child will also lose interest to continue with this habit. Thus the device can be used as re-education or interceptive orthodontic treatment.
Source: Guia do Bebê UOL. Access on: 16/12/2015. Available in: goo.gl/5LP3o9