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Learn more about the symptoms and common complications after wisdom extraction


Learn more about the symptoms and common complications after wisdom extraction

Popularly known as wisdom teeth, the third molars are the upper and lower arches´ last teeth. Usually, they are also the last teeth to be born, erupting next to adult age. So it is very common for wisdom teeth do not find enough room in the mouth to be properly accommodated, which makes the extraction necessary.

Although considered a simple procedure and rely on careful dentist monitoring - doing a full patient´s medical and dental history review, as well as radiography and other tests - tooth extraction can bring uncomfortable symptoms after surgery, as well as some occasional complications. Know the main ones:

Although alarmed most patients, the swelling in the face is the most common reaction after a tooth extraction. In fact, the edema´s formation is expected to because this is an immune response from cutting the gum and tooth removal trauma. In general, the greater amount of manipulated tissue during surgery, the greater the swelling.

All regions close to the extracted tooth are subject to sensitivity after surgery, including throat and ear. This happens for the same reason that leads to swelling: the extraction, though beneficial to oral health, is very aggressive, causing trauma in the area. In addition, during extraction, the structures around the tooth receive a force which is not used, intensifying the hassle.

Ranked by Dentistry as a masseter muscles´ contraction (located on the side of the jaw and responsible for the movement to open and close the mouth), the lock-jaw is one of the most common wisdom extraction side effects. The patient with lock-jaw is affected by facial pain that can affect from the ear region until the neck and cause difficulty in opening the mouth and swallow properly. In more extreme cases, the patient also introduces swelling in the parotid and salivary glands.

As soon as the symptoms described above, the lock-jaw is resulting from dental removal surgery invasive stimuli. This problem should be treated by muscle relaxants consumption and physical therapy.

Once the post-operative cleaning is very difficult, especially when the patient has any of the symptoms described above, it is considered normal if the patient presents unpleasant breath in the healing period after the wisdom teeth extraction. Moreover, the stitches´ presence already favors the plaque and food debris´ accumulation, which favors halitosis.

Characterized by the skin sensations in the absence of stimuli appearance - such as cold, heat or tingling for no apparent reason - paresthesia occurs due to the proximity of the third molar with lower alveolar nerve and lingual nerve. In general, this is a temporary condition, which happens naturally in a few days or weeks.

The mouth-maxillary sinus communication is a complication that exclusively affects the upper arch teeth, and is characterized by undesirable presence of a link between mouth and maxillary sinus (region " hollow " located above the upper teeth, famous for igniting during sinus crises). This problem occurs due to the proximity of the upper wisdom teeth roots to the bottom of the maxillary sinus.

There are very rare cases where this communication closes without any intervention. In most situations, however, the problem needs new procedures so that the hole is closed, thus preventing serious infections. If the communication presence is still noticeable during the extraction, the intervention is simple, just the approximation and suturing of the gingival edges.

Source: Segs
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