Check brushing techniques and tips
According to the São Paulo´s Municipal Health Secretary, the best brushing technique is one in which the person is able to remove as much plaque and food debris without causing damage to the teeth and gums , such as wear, injury or retractions.
Cavities are formed by bacteria caused by the acidity of food, which decalcifies and erodes tooth enamel . Since plaque occurs because of food debris in contact with the saliva and can form a calcified ,called tartar. If not removed , it can cause inflammation and retraction of the gums , and destroy the bone that holds the tooth, leaving it soft.
Tartar can lead periodontal problems, and only the dentist can remove it. The formation varies among patients , it depends on the saliva´s composition , which contains minerals, and the bacteria´s types that the person has in the mouth.
A toothpaste factory produces about 1.7 million tubes per day , or almost 10 thousand per hour. The toothpastes are classified in two different ways , depending on the type of abrasive ( substance responsible for polishing the teeth) .
The first is based on silica, and more used in gels. An important function of it , and the transparency of the product is "bind " water ( wetting function) , not leaving free for the growth of micro -organisms. The toothpaste based " chalk" - which means chalk or carbonate - is white , which gives the cream coloring.
Fluoride is an essential component of tooth enamel protection , preventing the loss of minerals , a factor which enables the entry of bacteria responsible for tooth decay. Older children , adolescents and adults , whose teeth are already fully formed , are not at risk of having white spots on teeth ( fluorosis ) due to fluoride. When a child ingests the substance in large quantities, can arise problems like; nausea, vomiting and diarrhea . So it is important that children, who do not know spit , use toothpaste without fluoride.
Until 8 years old Children should use a small amount of paste equivalent to a grain of rice. After this age , the amount is slightly higher , equivalent to an olive seed or a pea . This careful reduces the amountl intake of toothpaste , since it is a drug , not a cosmetic.
Ideally, floss before brushing to remove plaque and supplementary oral hygiene . Mouthwash can be used every day , but it's good switch between with and without alcohol. It protects the teeth , removes dishes and cleaning the cheek and tongue . The mouthwash should last from 30 seconds to 1 minute.
It is recommended to gargle to clean the back of the tongue , and the tonsils . Children under 6 years should not make mouthwash because they cannot spit out the product.